Production Cel Types
A further breakdown of the types of cels you will run into and what people are generally talking about when they are talking about them.
- Opening (OP) Cel, Ending Cel (ED)
- END cels / "A1 END" cels / Tome (止) Cels
- Key Cel
- Bank Cel
- Eyecatch Cel
- Book Cel
- Backlit Cel
- Kabuse Cel (Correction Layer)
- SFX Cel (Special Effects Cel)
- Pan / Oversized Cel (大判 セル画)
- Hanken Cel (版権セル) / Hanken sketch (版権原動画)
- Color Test/Model Cels
Opening (OP) Cel, Ending Cel (ED)
These are the cels that make up the opening of the show. Most shows have 1 opening that is animated per season and then the sequence is reused for every episode. The same applies to End credits. Only one set of cels is made for each opening or ending. These cels are generally the most sought after as most fans of the show find them easily recognizable. They also tend to be super pricey as well so they are often a target for for fakes and reproductions being sold as the real thing, so watch out!
This is an example of the SDFM Macross TV series opening credits. Artwork from this sequence is very rare and expensive.
END cels / "A1 END" cels / Tome (止) Cels
An END cel (marked with either END/ E/ or the kanji 止) is the last cel in an animation sequence. A1END cel setups are sometimes referred to as Tome/止 cels. When a cel is marked with a letter A/B/C/E..+ 1 + END/E/止 then that means it is the only cel for that particular animation sequence. So an A1END cel setup starts and ends with only that frame. Since there is only a single frame in this type of setup it will generally bring up the value of a cel/setup depending on the quality of the image. In the case of a multiple cel setup, a B1End/止 will increase the value of the setup, because any other setups with the A2 or C3 for example will always be missing that B1End/E.
Below are examples of how an A1 end cel can be labeled
1st is "END"
2nd is "E" with a circle around it
3rd has the kanji "止"
A bank cel refers to a cel that is used/filmed repeatedly rather than remade for every instance that it is needed. A good example is a cel used in a opening or ending sequence. Other notable uses for bank cels are for the transformation or attack sequences in Sailor Moon. Rather than redraw the cel each time they just reuse the same bank cels.
In many anime series', there is a commercial break about halfway through the episode (depending on its length). To demarcate these breaks, sometimes a quick animation will play. These are often repeated throughout a season. In some cases—Sailor Moon is an example—there is an animation both before and after a commercial break. In other shows (Fullmetal Alchemist is one), there is simply an image that flashes, and they are different for every episode.
Book cels usually refer to a full setup of multiple layers including backgrounds. The setup will include the main background, the characters or character involved in the scene, and then another layer that is actually part of the background. The example below shows the background including the trees, blue sky, and building, two separate layers of the characters Sakura and Yukito, and finally notice how the bench arm is in front of Sakura's arm that is the top background layer. This setup helps to give 2D animation the illusion of depth.
Weird JD Note: I never thought book made much sense I always personally called them sandwich cels cause you have two layers of background around a nice cel center. ^_^;;