Skip to main content
Advanced Search
Search Terms
Content Type

Exact Matches
Tag Searches
Date Options
Updated after
Updated before
Created after
Created before

Search Results

77 total results found

Opening (OP) Cel, Ending Cel (ED)

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

These are the cels that make up the opening of the show. Most shows have 1 opening that is animated per season and then the sequence is reused for every episode. The same applies to End credits. Only one set of cels is made for each opening or ending.  These c...

Eyecatch Cel

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

In many anime series', there is a commercial break about halfway through the episode (depending on its length).  To demarcate these breaks, sometimes a quick animation will play. These are often repeated throughout a season.  In some cases—Sailor Moon is an ex...

END cels / "A1 END" cels / Tome (止) Cels

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

An END cel (marked with either END/ E/ or the kanji 止) is the last cel in an animation sequence. A1END cel setups are sometimes referred to as Tome/止 cels. When a cel is marked with a letter A/B/C/E..+ 1 + END/E/止 then that means it is the only cel for that pa...


Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Harmonies are traditionally highly sought after cels, as they area made differently from the traditional cel.  In the case of a harmony there is little to no paint on the cel and only lines on the acetate, and the colors are traditionally only painted on the b...

Hanken Cel (版権セル) / Hanken sketch (版権原動画)

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Hanken cels are super rare one of kind cels made for use in for in promotional items like magazines, cards, merchandise, posters, calendars, etc. They are usually made by an animation director, character designer, or senior animator. Hanken cels are usually ha...

Key Cel

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Reproduction Cel (Repro)

Animation Art Terminology Non-Production Cels


Animation Art Terminology Non-Production Cels

A Rilezu is a newish sort of reproduction, they are not Production pieces persay, however, a true rilezu comes in an edition of 1 and based upon the final production douga of one of the more famous sequences.  Each rilezu will be hand painted and in some cases...

Kabuse Cel (Correction Layer)

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Kabuse cels (also known as correction layers) are layers added to fix mistakes in the original cel painting. These mistakes can be anything from using the wrong color to messing up the painted cel itself. Depending on the scene, budget, and animation procedure...

Timing Sheet (タイムシート)

Animation Art Terminology

  Timing sheets contain instructions on how each part of a sequence/cut are to be animated for a scene.  Please see "How to Read a Timing Sheet" for even more detail.  Front of timing sheet from Episode 23 Cut 225 of anime Darker Than Black.   Back of tim...

Pan / Oversized Cel (大判 セル画)

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Pan or oversized cels are larger-than-normal cels which are used for a panning effect. "Pan" is short for "panoramic" and refers to how the camera has to pan/travel across the frame to reveal more of the image.  Pan cels can be horizontally, vertically, and so...

SFX Cel (Special Effects Cel)

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Special Effects cels refers any cels made to create special effects. This includes airbrushing and other methods like backlighting/masking.

Backlit Cel

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

A backlit cel is a type of special effects cel.  The typical way to figure out if your cel is backlit, is, when you look at the back of your cel the paint on the back has been covered with another layer of black acrylic paint.  This was done so that when they ...

Cel Pricing


How much should I pay?  And why? This topic is very personal and there is no "right" answer.  The value of an animation piece is based on many factors. Below is a list of some of the things that can impact prices and should be kept in mind when hunting for yo...

Itoya Binders vs Itoya Folios

Preservation and Conservation

Itoya Multi-Ring Binders Itoya Multi-Ring Binder 11x14 in Inside detail Set of 10 Refill Pages   Quick Stats: Each new binder comes with 10 removable pages. Binders tend to be "sturdier" than folios and can stand (like a book) on their own without falli...

How to Read a Timing Sheet


Timing sheets can be difficult to read and might look like a different language at face value. In this guide, we'll look through two examples of increasing difficulty from the hit series Naruto. By the end of the guide, hopefully you can get a feel for how tim...


Links and Resources

Resources for you to consider if you are attempting to repair, restore, or otherwise fix damage to your precious original artworks.   S/R Laboratories: A USA based company existing since 1977 that pioneered the very concept of animation art conservation an...

Book Cel

Animation Art Terminology Production Cel Types

Book cels usually refer to a full setup of multiple layers including backgrounds.  The setup will include the main background, the characters or character involved in the scene, and then another layer that is actually part of the background. The example below ...

# Sellers of Ill Repute: Guidelines

Links and Resources Sellers of Ill Repute

Each seller should be listed on their own page and the title of the page should be formatted as: [Marketplace] - [Username]. For example: eBay - Johnsmith482. If a seller appears in more than one marketplace (or under multiple usernames) only include their pr...

Japanese Studios

Links and Resources Inside the Studios